Socrates says that in his youth he was taught "the philosophy of love" by Diotima, who was a seer or priestess. 21, no. and directing his gaze from now, on towards beauty as a whole, he should turn to the great ocean of beauty, and in contemplation of it give birth to many beautiful and magnificent speeches and thoughts in the abundance of philosophy. In her view, love drives the individual to seek beauty, first earthly beauty, or beautiful bodies. Plato's Socrates credits Diotima, a priestess of Mantinea, for inspiring his theory. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3810989. She is said to have argued that the goal of love is immortality, "to give birth in beauty," either through the creation of children or beautiful things. However, Aspasia appears under her own name in Plato's dialogue Menexenus, and some scholars have convincingly argued that Plato did not use false names; therefore, Diotima could be a historical figure. [8] In 2005, Margaret Urban Walker summarized Waithe's research, stating that "the evidence for Diotima's reality is substantial, even if not conclusive, and that her imaginary status appears to be a fifteenth-century fiction that stuck."[10]. ), Beginning in the 20th century, the dehistoricization of Diotima became a subject of interest for several scholars, including Mary Ellen Waithe. In the dialogue, her ideas are the origin of the concept of Platonic love. Love is a messenger between mean and gods. Diotima gives Socrates a genealogy of Love (Eros), stating that he is the son of "resource (poros) and poverty (penia)". 2, 2006, pp. Diotima, pg. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Diotima_of_Mantinea&oldid=986616366, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Diotima is the namesake of one of the main female protagonists in, Diotima appears in the short poem "Irpen'" by, Diotima of Mantinea is one of the two main characters in novels by, Diotima is used on the emblem for the sorority. If Love desires these things, he needs them and does not have them. Socrates also claims to have learned from her. "Women philosophers in the Ancient Greek World: Donning the Mantle". Diotima defines happiness as possessing good and beautiful things. Hypatia, vol. In Plato's Symposium the members of a party discuss the meaning of love. I’ll try to restate for you the account of Love that I once heard from a woman from Mantinea called Diotima. Both of these instances in Plato's dialogue have been used to argue for her existence.[7]. Gods and men interact through spirits, … . [6] In the Symposium, Diotima puts forth ideas that are different from both Socrates's and Plato's, thereby representing a different philosophical position. His historical arguments are based on 1) the likelihood of Aspasia's involvement in the warding off of plague that Athenians will have expected to be brought on by Pericles' irreligious actions (e.g. In the dialogue, her ideas are the origin of the concept of Platonic love. Diotima quotes Showing 1-1 of 1. Quote by Plato: “According to Diotima, Love is not a god at all,...”. Gods are beautiful and happy, Socrates would not deny. "Diotima and Demeter as Mystagogues in Plato's Symposium." “Diotima and Demeter as Mystagogues in Plato's Symposium.” Hypatia, vol. 51/line 205d. . Socrates also claims that Diotima successfully postponed the Plague of Athens. The first idea put forth to solve the puzzle of Diotima’s existence is that the Form of Beauty is inconsistent with Plato’s Form of the Good. “Nay even in the life, of the same individual there is succession and not absolute unity: a man is called the same, and yet in the short interval which elapses between youth and age, and in which every animal is said to have life and identity, he is undergoing a perpetual process of loss and reparation—hair, flesh, bones, blood, and the whole body are always changing. "Diotima" has often been used as a title for philosophical or artistic projects, journals, essays, etc. “According to Diotima, Love is not a god at all, but is rather a spirit that mediates between people and the objects of their desire. : Evans, Nancy. The Greek form also includes the sound nike: Diotima Mantinike as a pun in Greek would thus sound like "Diotima from Prophet-victory". Symposium, Plato’s philosophical text dated at circa 385 to 370 BC, depicts a friendly contest of speeches delivered by a group of notable men attending a banquet.During the discussion, Socrates mentions that, in his youth, he was taught ‘the philosophy of love’ by a woman named Diotima, a priestess from Mantinea. Love is neither wise nor beautiful, but is rather the desire … Diotima of Mantinea was an ancient Greek prophetess and philosopher thought to have lived circa 440 B.C., who plays an important role in Plato's Symposium. Love, she says, is neither fully beautiful nor good, as the earlier speakers in the dialogue had argued. A first century bronze relief found in Pompeii depicts Socrates and an unnamed female figure, along with a winged Eros; although some have supposed the seated woman in the image to be Diotima, others have argued her appearance (notably a necklace) would suggest she is in fact more likely to be Aphrodite or Aspasia. For Diotima, the most truthful way to love others is to embrace a love that transcends the earthly plane, to touch divinity. On one occasion, she enabled the Athenians to delay the plague for ten years by telling them what sacrifices to make. Welcome back. “Nay even in the life, of the same individual there is succession and not absolute unity: a man is called the same, and yet in the short interval which elapses between youth and age, and in which every animal is said to have life and identity, he is undergoing a perpetual process of loss and reparation—hair, flesh, bones, blood, and the whole body are always changing. Wider, Kathleen. This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 23:36. [9] The beautiful beloved inspires the mind and the soul and directs one's attention to spiritual things. [2][3], Since the only contemporaneous source concerning her is Plato, doubts have been raised about whether she was a real historical personage or merely a fictional creation; however, nearly all of the characters named in Plato's dialogues have been found to correspond to real people living in ancient Athens. In 2019 the Oxford classical scholar Armand D'Angour published Socrates in Love: The Making of a Philosopher, presenting for the first time a wholly new case for identifying Diotima with Aspasia. (Diotima to Socrates in Plato's Symposium. . Everyone pursues love differently, whether through making money, sports, or philosophy; but according to Diotima, only passionate, exclusive love between people is truly called love. Therefore, he cannot be a god since he does not have good and beautiful things. [1], In the Symposium, she is implied to be a priestess or prophetess and is said to be from the Peloponnesian city of Mantinea, which was allied against Athens at the time of the dialogue - though one version of the manuscript preferred in old readings called her a mantic woman, or seeress, rather than a woman from Mantinea. A genuine Platonic love recognizes the beauty and loveliness in another person in a way that inspires the mind and soul to the spiritual, rather than the physical. Diotima of Mantinea (/ˌdaɪəˈtaɪmə/; Greek: Διοτίμα; Latin: Diotīma) was an ancient Greek prophetess and philosopher thought to have lived circa 440 B.C., who plays an important role in Plato's Symposium. Is rather the desire … Diotima, who was a seer or priestess “ Diotima and Demeter as Mystagogues Plato. Restate for you the account of love '' by Diotima, who was a or. Dialogue have been used as a lover grows in wisdom, the beauty that is sought spiritual... 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