The most important and commonly used German subordinate conjunctions are as follows:-. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The conjugated verb always goes at the end of the subordinate clause. We have simplified this topic for you. The number of subordinating conjunctions in German is quite large. In this multiple-choice exercise, each sentence is missing the subordinate conjunction. All the interrogative words – wie, wo was, wer etc. Subordinate clauses in German - Writing sentences. Subordinate conjunctions connect main clauses with dependent clauses. Hence, they are also known as dependent clauses. In this lesson, you will learn how to build complex sentences using subordinate conjunctions. The conjunction “because” connects the two clauses. In the above example, the whole subordinate clause is considered to be at the first position. Unfortunately, the only way to achieve this is to learn them by heart. Keep The most essential rule you need to remember is that the conjugated verb is always placed at the end of the subordinate clause. Conditional Clauses. How to Form Sentences using Dependent Clauses in German? scrolling, keep learning! vocabulary lists divided subject-wise as well as articles related to Here, the main clause is Ich weiß nicht. You need to be familiar with all of them as they are often used in day-to-day conversations. A subordinate clause always begins with a subordinate conjunction. The same rule is applicable to separable verbs as well. countries like Germany, Austria and Switzerland and a lot more. But, you need to learn even the difficult concepts in order to express yourself more fluently. Such conjunctions are known as subordinate conjunctions. Example:- Bevor er das Haus verlässt, trinkt er immer Kaffee. Let’s try to understand the reason behind this. – On this blog, you will find grammar lessons just like this one, For instance, I am learning German because I want to study in Germany. The main clause is separated from the subordinate clause by a comma. To maintain its second position, the verb in the main clause comes before the subject. View all exercises of "Sentence construction". German subordinate clauses is one such tricky topic you will have to master, if you want to communicate like a native. In this multiple-choice exercise, each sentence is missing the subordinate conjunction. In German, main clauses are called as “Hauptsätze” and subordinate clauses are called as “Nebensätze“. This is a lot to take in, isn’t it? With regular practice, they will come as second nature to you. Don’t worry! In German, main clauses are called as “Hauptsätze” and subordinate clauses are called as “Nebensätze“. So, these German subordinate clauses allow us to get additional information about a topic without starting a new sentence. are clauses in which the verb is at the end. (Before he leaves the house, he always drinks coffee.). German subordinate clauses are always introduced by a subordinate conjunction. A complex or compound sentence is formed using a main clause (independent clause) and a subordinate clause (dependent clause). You all know the order of the words in a German sentence. Relative Clauses . In this exercise you have to add the correct connector and write the sentence to the end. Subordinate clause = Subordinate conjunction + Subject + … + Conjugated Verb. This means, a subordinate clause provides more information about the main clause. When the sentence starts with the main clause, the position of the verb in the main clause does not change. In these exercises, you will connect two clauses by choosing one subordinating conjunction from four options. At position 1 there is usually a connector and then the subject. You can see in the above examples that the conjugated verbs willst and bin are at the end of the sentence. A complex or compound sentence is formed using a main clause (independent clause) and a subordinate clause (dependent clause). If you enjoyed learning this lesson, also check out the topic Conjunctions in German on your favorite blog “All About Deutsch”. This means, the subordinate clause can come before the main clause. Complex sentence = Subordinate clause (position 1) + Verb (position 2) + Subject + Rest of the sentence. German subordinate clauses cannot stand alone as sentences. Compound Sentence = Main Clause + Subordinate Clause. Appreciate the dedication you put into your blog and in depth information you offer. Memorize all the common subordinate conjunctions along with their meanings. The easiest way to remember this rule is to memorize the pattern verb-comma-verb. The key to master German subordinate clauses is – practice, practice and lots of practice! Even the separable verb is written at the end as one word. Also, you must have read in the previous section of this lesson that German subordinate clauses always begin with subordinate conjunctions. A subordinate clause can come before or after the main clause. Since the conjugated verb is placed at the end, the separable prefix is no longer separated. Your Best Guide to 4 German Relative Clauses and Relative Pronouns, The Basics of German Infinitive Clauses with Free Exercises. PS They are dependent on another part of the sentence (main clause). Be it any type of verb or tense, the conjugated verb always goes at the end of the subordinate clause. So when sentences start with German subordinate clauses, the verb is the very first word after the comma. Phew! Compound Sentence = Main Clause + Subordinate Clause. A subordinate clause begins with a subordinating conjunction like wenn, weil, als. For example:-, Ich kann nicht sofort kommen, weil ich immer noch mein Zimmer aufräume. German language allows you to interchange the positions of these two clauses. This means, a subordinate clause provides more information about the main clause. In case of modal verbs, perfect tense or passive voice, there are two verbs in a sentence. A subordinate clause is also known as a dependent clause because it cannot stand by itself. They are also known as subjunctions. You can also go through this article on ielanguages, if you wish to learn more about German Subordinate Clauses. In this case, the main clause begins with a verb. Learn German > German exercises & lessons > Subordinate clauses Other German … Subordinate Clauses and Types of Verbs in German, Your Best Guide to Learning the 4 German Imperative Forms, 20+ Useful German Verbs and Conjugations in Present Tense, 70 Basic Dative Verbs and Accusative Verbs in German, 15 Funny German Idioms You Should Know – Part 2, Blumen – 15 Amazing Flashcards to Talk About Flowers, Free Ebook #3 – German Verbs with Prepositions, Easy Exercise on Question Words in German. The verb which is usually in the second position comes right after the comma, i.e before the subject. So, the verb is in the second position (after the subject). In German, während, nachdem, bis, als, wie, weil, wenn, obwohl, dass, ob, bevor, anstatt, seitdem, and sobald are some common subordinating conjunctions. (I don’t know if he is coming to the party today.). Well, in this context you will have to master German relative pronouns as well, because they are the beginning of the clause. 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