India made untimely artificial barrage over the Teesta river and the Ganges. It costs very little to rebuild a Bangladeshi hut. It’s a simple solution to a reoccurring problem. . These were periodic floods. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is the world's largest humanitarian network and is guided by seven Fundamental Principles: Humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, universality and unity. . There is more bandalling in the Jinjiram now than ever before. Copyright 2020 - International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies - Legal Disclaimer, مجلس إدارة الاتحاد الدولي لجمعيات الصليب الأحمر والهلال الأحمر, الحركة الدولية للصليب الأحمر والهلال الأحمر, COMMUNITY EPIDEMIC & PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS, National Society Preparedness for Effective Response. This not only creates a scarcity of surface water in the north-west and southwest and southwest regions of the country, but it also prevents the groundwater level from refilling properly. The floods provide the fertility for the soils in Bangladesh. The villages are located on relatively higher ground. In Niklagopal village, the BDRCS has installed a message board to communicate simple measures that can be taken to reduce the impact of flooding, such as teaching children to swim, moving livestock to high ground and building raised toilets. The problem of flooding in Bangladeshis age-old; so is the debate about what to do about it. I think that made a big difference in adopting what we saw as a more balanced approach. So the question was: “Are the donors going to set aside some resources and do something on a large scale to protect Bangladesh from future catastrophes?” If such a major initiative were to be taken, what should it involve? Every stage of the bandalling, from planning to installation, is based on local needs and initiatives. At a G-7 Meeting, the [French President François Mitterrand and Madame Mitterrand], his wife, who had visited Bangladesh, wanted the G-7 countries to take a major initiative to keep these floods from happening periodically. Basically, the aid donors should try to do very little in that sense. They closed the dam in the dry season, but in the monsoon season, the dams are opened. You May Like This Also: Causes, Effects and Possible Solutions of Air and Water Pollution in Bangladesh; Deforestation in Bangladesh: Causes, Effects, and Possible Solutions; Arsenic Pollution in Groundwater (Causes, Effect, and Possible Solution) There was a negotiating process, and there was “medium ground” adopted between the various positions. Three hundred meters of bamboo and a group of committed Red Crescent volunteers have transformed the lives of 15,000 people in the South Asian country of Bangladesh. So the country needs inventive solutions to help minimise the impact of flooding in the future. Bangladesh floods on a regular basis, RECENT notable and catastrophic floods have occurred in 1988 (return period of 1 in every 50 to 100 years), 1998, 2004, 2007 and 2010. These were periodic floods. According to local residents, there are at least 50 sections in the 60-kilometre stretch of the river in Bangladesh, where it has a maximum width of 107 metres. . . The U.S. government was going to be involved but didn’t have a lot of resources to offer. [A USAID-commissioned study by a Harvard University academic] argued against the French position. To reduce the impact of the heavy floods cycle, local Bangladesh Red Crescent (BDRCS) volunteers and community members recently designed and built a bridge, ensuring uninterrupted access to the main highway. The Bangladesh flood had had countless detrimental effects on the country but contrastingly, it has also brought together international help with the disaster. You just need some reeds, sticks, and a little bit of time, and the huts are there again. change the use of the land in the flood-prone areas and the planting of flood-resistant crops. When the Brahmaputra River flooded in 1988, Pielemeier had worked for  USAID for nearly 25 years. “The World Bank was part of the problem, from our point of view.”. So the country needs inventive solutions to … It’s a simple solution to a reoccurring problem. Emergency planning. There were major floods in Bangladesh. Whether it’s building bridges or molding clay stoves, crafting raised platforms or teaching children how to be prepared, all these initiatives build resilience and pave the way for stronger and safer communities. Building Dikes vs. “Adaptive Approaches”: Our interagency task force decided that the worst thing that could be done would be to copy what the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers had done to the Mississippi River. Views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the U.S. Government or of ADST. Elsewhere in the village, a large painting adorns a wall of the community health centre, relaying a range of messages about soil erosion, grain and seed protection, shelter and the risk of snakes during floods. This is done rather than trying to control the water by using dikes and canals constructed with concrete and steel. We had some social scientists working with us as well. Dikes would break, there would be flooding, and villages would be wiped out, with thousands of people drowned or otherwise killed.”. Our “task force decided that the worst thing that could be done would be to copy what . 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